21st COE Program Seminar
Public Seminar on African Area Studies
Date: Thursday, June 30, 2005 15:00 - 17:00
Venue: Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University,
Seminar Room (#207) on the East Building, 2nd Floor.
(46 Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto)
Title ："Strategies and current challenges of African Economic development"
Speaker ：Dr. Jean-Claude Maswana (Lecturer, Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University)
Africa's economic history since 1960 fits the classical definition of
tragedy: potential unfulfilled with disastrous consequences: economic growth
rates are still not high enough to make a real reduction in the pervasive
poverty. Investment remains subdued, limiting the efforts to diversify economic
structures and accelerate growth. On average, real per capita GDP did not grow
in Africa over the 1965-2000 period, while, in East Asia and the Pacific, per
capita GDP growth was over five percent and Latin America grew at almost two
percent per year.
This tragedy has drawn considerable attention but has not been able to
look into sources of ideas that support policy options. In an attempt to fill
in this missing debate, the present talk reviews alternative paradigms and
approaches (mainly structuralist, basic needs and neo-classical theory) that
have emerged in development economics and places in perspective the reasons
for Africa's poor performance. A key feature of the African growth experience
is that it is predominantly unpredictable as a result of long term policy
inconsistency. A key question of interest is what explains the policy choices
underlying these episodic anti-growth options. The main storyline is that
global ideas have had a powerful role in shaping the growth environment in
African countries primarily through their influence in the formulation of
country development strategies.
Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University