Globalisation and Locality in Southern Africa: Views from Local Communities
 ASAFAS Special Paper No.9

F

Globalisation and Locality in Southern Africa: Views from Local Communities
ASAFAS Special Paper No.9

ҎҁF FUJIOKA Yuichiro, IIDA Masashi
sF Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University
 
 

PREFACE

The fall of the Berlin Wall marked the beginning of drastic economic and political changes not only in Europe, but also in Southern Africa. The end of bipolar confrontation opened new pathways for capitalism and encouraged neoliberal politicians to push political democratization on African countries. African countries that had previously found support from communist allies were increasingly exposed to the zealous and triumphal influence of Western countries, urging African nations to adopt market liberalization, economic deregulation, and political democratization.

Globalization has flooded into Africa since the 1980s. Economic reforms of the Structural Adjustment Program came first, but were soon followed by demands for political changes, such as the introduction of multiparty systems and abolition of apartheid. Political and economic changes have jointly interacted to influence each other.

In the Republic of South Africa, democratization, the repeal of apartheid, and the release of Nelson Mandela changed the nation's rivalries and relations with other Southern African countries. The South African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which was organized as an economic and political alliance against South Africa, transformed into the South African Development Community (SADC) in 1992 and included South Africa. Thus, global political movements have brought substantial changes in the economy of Southern Africa.

   
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Globalisation and Locality in Southern Africa: Views from Local Communities
ASAFAS Special Paper No.9

 
      yҎz FUJIOKA Yuichiro, IIDA Masashi  
      ysz Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University  
      yoŔNz 2007N  
      yContentsz>>  
   

While almost no trade flowed between South Africa and the former SADCC countries before 1991, trade has soared in the region since the transformations of 1993. In the late 1990s, more than 90% of imports to Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, more than 75% to Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zambia, and more than 70% to Malawi came from South Africa, which has also become the most important destination of exports from these countries.

By noting this reality, however, I do not wish to argue that the economic and political changes in Southern Africa have merely been provided by the global political economy, and to be explained within the dependency paradigm. Rather, I propose that core-periphery relations between the leading capitalistic countries and African countries should be recomposed and understood in terms of local settings. The impact of globalization in Southern Africa, for example, has been localized, or gdistorted,h by the predominant regional economic giant, the Republic of South Africa. Similar relationships are also nested within more local levels.

The chapters in this book examine the localized impact of globalization at different levels in Southern Africa. Some authors focus on the historical and political backgrounds essential to understanding the local impact of globalization in Southern Africa. Others, mainly students of the Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University, discuss how globalization has impacted people and places at the local microlevel.

Since its inception, the Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies has emphasized the importance of obtaining first-hand data to grasp the realities of African society, politics, and economy. I hope that the studies included in this book will generate new thinking and contribute to our understanding of contemporary Africa in the globalizing world.

Shuhei SHIMADA
Professor, Department of African Area Studies,
Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies,
Kyoto University

 
Contents
Preface i
Introduction: Dynamism of Interactions between Global, Area, and Local Communities in Globalising Southern Africa
Yuichiro Fujioka and Masashi Iida
1
Hegemony as Globalisation? The Contours of Globalisation, Localisation and Interdependence in Contemporary Southern Africa
Scarlett Cornelissen
11
Live in Discordance between Local and Global Standards: The National Meat Industry and Local Livestock Farming in Namibia
Yuichiro Fujioka
29
gTraditionalh Modes in a Globalizing World: The Exchange of Indigenous Goods in Contemporary Southern Africa
Yohei Miyauchi
49
Urban Widows and the HIV Epidemic in Postcolonial Harare, Zimbabwe
Masashi Iida
63
Changing Locality and Ethnic Cohesion among the San in Ohangwena, Namibia
Akira Takada
75
The eSouth Africanisationf of Southern Central Africa: Global Meets Local over Time and Space in the Upper Zambezi Valley
Lawrence Flint
91
Livelihood of Angolan Immigrants in a Globalised Local Setting: With Special Reference to Cassava Production and Consumption in Western Zambia
Rumiko Murao
105
Impact of Angolan Immigrants on Lozi Society in Western Zambia
Masahiro Okamoto
115

 

 
 
 
 
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