Land, local custom and state policies focuses on three interrelated issues: land tenure, land disputes, and mechanisms for land disputes settlements among the ArsiiOromopeople of southern Ethiopia. These issues are examined in view of the interaction among triple stakeholders. The government attempts to control the land and deal with land disputes through administrative procedures based on its policies and legislations. Local communities attempt to maintain their clan-based traditional territories and kinship-based land allocation mechanisms based on their customary practices, and by circumventing government policies. Individuals, on the other hand, employ government-based rules, local-based norms or both, to achieve their diverse motives. Combining a diachronic perspective with detailed anthropological fieldwork, the book explores intricate official and non-official interests that the land involves and how these interests are disputed, negotiated, and settled at various levels.Contrary to the image of the State as a sole source of power and the ultimate owner of all the lands in Ethiopia, the book reveals the existence of diverse interests in land, multiple means of land acquisition,and plural arenas for land disputes settlement. These plural elegalf and institutional settings have been discussed as being categorized into either formal (state-based) or informal (local-based).