(3) The main
purpose of my present field research was to clarify the historical change
in the “system of compulsory labor contribution.” In my field
research, firstly, I tried to collect basic knowledge about this labor system.
Secondly, I tried to clarify how villagers reacted to this labor system through
oral history collected from them. Furthermore, I attempted to determine whether
or not those common experiences as labor for the nation-state worked effectively
toward creating a sense of solidarity as a nation.
My field research
was done from 22 July to 18 September. I spent approximately three weeks carrying
out research in the central district of Bhutan especially Trongsa and Bumthang.
I also spent four weeks conducting research on emigrants from Bhutan to India
During this research,
I was able to get many valuable oral histories from villagers, officers, former
governors and village heads, etc. Through these oral histories, I was able to
gather valuable information on the social system, customs of villagers and patriotism
of ordinary people.