Period: 18 October - 18 November 2003. Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia
  Purpose of the Visit
  Participation in International Workshop and Study Tour in cooperation with field station in Ethiopia, field station operation and on-site education in Kenya, on-site education in Botswana, research in South Africa, Botswana and Namibia
  TANAKA Jiro (ASAFAS: Division of African Area Studies)
  Record of Activities
  10/18 (Sat) – 10/19 (Sun)
  • Leave Kansai Airport – Arrive in Nairobi
      10/20 (Mon)
  • Leave Nairobi – Arrive in Addis Ababa
      10/21 (Tue) – 27 (Mon)
  • Participate in 21st Century COE program workshop held at Addis Ababa University and study tour
      10/28 (Tue)
  • Leave Addis Ababa – Arrive in Nairobi
      10/29 (Wed) – 11/1 (Sat)
  • On-site education in Nairobi
      11/2 (Sun)
  • Leave Nairobi – Arrive in Johannesburg
      11/3 (Mon)
  • Make various arrangements and conduct liaison work, collect materials in Johannesburg
      11/4 (Tue)
  • Leave Johannesburg – Arrive in Gaborone
      11/5 (Wed) – 10 (Mon)
  • Survey on the Bushmen in Xade area area and on-site education
      11/11 (Tue)
  • Leave Xade area – Arrive in Windhoek
      11/12 (Wed) – 15 (Sat)
  • Survey of Bushmen rock paintings in Khorixas area
      11/16 (Sun)
  • Leave Khorixas area – Arrive in Johannesburg
      11/17 (Mon) – 18 (Tue)
  • Leave Johannesburg – Arrive at Kansai Airport


      Outcome and Progress Report
                In Kenya, at the field station set up in Nairobi city, I met a graduate Student of ASAFAS, Mr. Naoki Naito (year of enrollment: 1999) to have discussions together with Itaru Ohta (ASAFAS faculty) on methods for surveys and problems related to his research on pastoral people in the dry zone of northern Kenya.
              Mr. Naito is conducting ecological and anthropological studies on the Ariaal, who live in the semi-arid Marsabit district. While elucidating their environmental awareness and livelihood structure, he is studying their ethnic identity by observing their relations with two other peoples, the Samburu and the Rendille, and the details of the negotiations between these groups.
              In Botswana, I visited the study site of another student of ASAFAS, Ms. Junko Maruyama (year of enrollment: 2000), at the New Xade resettlement site for Central Kalahari Bushmen, which was established in 1997. I discussed problems and the method of her survey with her.
              Ms. Maruyama has been surveying the livelihood  and behavior of people in a process of transition from a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a settled cash economy lifestyle at a government-led resettlement, based mainly on anthropological participant observation. From now on, she is planning to carry out comparative studies in two or three other settlements in the area, and complete her doctoral dissertation.



    Stela (stone pillar) at the ancient Ethiopian capital of Axum.   View of the resettlement camp of New Xade
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