(3) I conducted empirical research through field research in East Jerusalem. The results are as follows:
- "Various problems under the occupation" and the Palestinian "response to them" in the Old City. The occupation operates through "indirect violence". Examples of the policies involved include those concerning "taxes" and "residence rights". Difficult for people to handle, these policies produce very concrete problems that are closely related to daily life.
- The analytical framework: The distinctiveness of the status, "the occupied city," is closely related to various problems that Palestinians face in East Jerusalem under the occupation and to the ways in which the Palestinians respond to those problems. The distinctiveness of "being a Jerusalem resident (the Jerusalemite Identity)" is an effective analytical framework through which to research both the occupation and the types of Palestinian resistance in East Jerusalem that do not depend on "direct or physical violence"